In late 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned, leaving Putin to become Acting President of the Russian Federation. In 2004, Putin was re-elected as president.

In accordance with the Russian constitution, Putin was barred from running again for president in 2008 and Dmitry Medvedev became president. During Medvedev’s presidency, Putin served as prime minister and was again made president in 2012 and 2018.

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